The CBEM represents the most comprehensive effort towards quantifying the prevalence of childhood bereavement in the U.S.

Addressing limitations of past estimations, the model extends prior research by establishing a theory-based tool incorporating inputs that are customizable geographically, temporally, and relationally. The model generates retrospective (current) and prospective (projected) estimations due to the death of a parent or sibling. Rather than gathering new data, the model combines reputable, existing, population-level data sources to approximate the magnitude of childhood bereavement.

CBEM methodology and sources

For a complete review of the CBEM development and methodology, please see the article, Childhood Bereavement: Understanding prevalence and related adversity in the United States, published in the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.

CBEM Technical Appendix

Beginning in 2019, the Judi’s House/JAG Institute team worked with the University of Colorado School of Public Health’s Center for Innovative Design and Analysis to enhance the CBEM model. Current CBEM results reflect these enhancements.

For a summary of model enhancements, please download the CBEM Technical Appendix Below.


Judi’s House/JAG Institute partnered with the New York Life Foundation to help support grieving children and families by creating the Childhood Bereavement Estimation Model.

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